International Friendship Day is an initiative that followed a proposal for UNESCO which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, by its resolution A / RES / 52/13 of 20 November 1997. The resolution outlines a culture of peace from a set of values, attitudes, traditions, patterns of behavior, lifestyles and trends that express On social interaction and interdependence, which draws inspiration on the basis of the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, all human rights, tolerance, and solidarity, and rejects violence, and seeks to prevent disputes by addressing their root causes.
In its resolution A / RES / 53/25 of 10 November 1998, in which it proclaimed the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010), the General Assembly recognized that tremendous harm and suffering befall children through various forms of violence on All levels of society all over the world. She stressed that a culture of peace and non-violence should be promoted from adults and instilled in children in order to learn through this culture how to live together in peace and harmony, which contributes to the promotion of international peace and cooperation.
The Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace, which was adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution A / RES / 53/243 of 6 October 1999, identified eight areas of work for nations, organizations and individuals for a culture of peace.
The International Day of Friendship is based on the realization of the usefulness and importance of friendship as one of the noble and valuable feelings in human life all over the world.
The General Assembly declared in 2011 the International Day of Friendship, bearing in mind that friendship between peoples, countries, cultures and individuals can become an inspiring factor for peace efforts, and an opportunity to build bridges between societies and to respect cultural diversity.
In its resolution A / RES / 65/275, the United Nations General Assembly emphasized in particular the importance of engaging youth and future leaders in societal activities aimed at tolerance and respect between different cultures.
The purpose of the International Day of Friendship is to support the goals and objectives of the declaration of the General Assembly and its program of action on a culture of peace and the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010).
To celebrate this day, the United Nations encourages governments, international organizations and groups of the international community to undertake activities and initiatives that contribute to the efforts of the international community to promote dialogue among civilizations, solidarity, understanding and reconciliation.
President of the International University for Studies and Research in Algeria